They share the fact that their sexual orientation is not exclusively heterosexual. For more details, see Chapter 1 and Appendix 1. The social ecology perspective emphasizes the influences on individuals' lives, including social ties and societal factors, and how these influences affect health. An ecological perspective on health promotion programs. First, recognizing that there are a number of ways to present the information contained in this report, the committee found it helpful to apply a life-course perspective. A brief note on the terminology used in this report is presented in Box
First, recognizing that there are a number of ways to present the information contained in this report, the committee found it helpful to apply a life-course perspective.
Gay And Lesbian Studies
They share the fact that their sexual orientation is not exclusively heterosexual. The majority of individuals affected by disorders of sex development do not face challenges related to sexual orientation and gender identity, although homosexuality, gender role nonconformity, and gender dysphoria defined as discomfort with the gender assigned to one at birth [see Chapter 2 ] are somewhat more prevalent among this population compared with the general population Cohen-Kettenis and Pfafflin, In cases in which the literature refers only to lesbian, gay, and bisexual populations, the term LGB appears more For example, among transgender respondents to this survey, most say they first felt their gender was different from their birth sex before puberty. In cases in which no U.
Fearing discrimination and prejudice, for example, many lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people refrain from disclosing their sexual orientation or gender identity to researchers and health care providers. Pew Research surveys of the general public show that while societal views about homosexuality have shifted dramatically over the past decade, highly religious Americans remain more likely than others to believe that homosexuality should be discouraged rather than accepted by society. What are the reasons for this tension? It also includes data on same-sex couples from the U. Overcoming this invisibility in health care services and research settings is a critical goal if we hope to eliminate the health disparities discussed throughout this report. The ecology of human development: Due to small sample sizes, it is not possible to disaggregate the non-white groups.