All growth curve results presented below include only the linear effects of time. Hypothesis 5 The relation between contributions to childcare and relationship satisfaction should be moderated by gender and perceptions of work-family conflict; greater perceived work-family conflict should predict lower and perhaps decreasing relationship satisfaction across time, particularly for men and those who report making relatively high contributions to childcare. At each wave, both partners both spouses completed self-report measures of their contributions to childcare relative to the partnerattachment orientations e. And the stories about gay dads? Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer.
This greater comfort may also lead women to feel relatively more satisfied with the childcare they do complete Ehrenberg et al.
The Cost of Becoming Gay Dads
These models tested the moderating role of gender on the connection between relative contributions to childcare and childcare self-efficacy, as well as any changes in childcare self-efficacy that may have occurred over time. The current study represents an important first step in identifying and understanding some of the key individual differences that shape both individual reactions to childcare and relationship outcomes across this stressful life transition. There was also a two-way interaction between work-family conflict and time see Table 6. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. For example, we assessed the first 2 years of the transition to parenthood. Modeling dyadic and interdependent data in the developmental and behavioral sciences. The growth curve model revealed main effects of contributions to childcare, gender, and attachment avoidance see Table 5.
Attachment avoidance also shaped relationship satisfaction trajectories across time. Childcare, therefore, is never truly finished. Relatively few studies have investigated how both mothers and fathers navigate the transition to parenthood and how this critical experience affects their relationship across time. Women and less avoidantly attached new parents handle the introduction of childcare tasks better than most men, especially those who are more avoidantly attached. In sum, these results provide some support for Hypothesis 2 in that higher levels of avoidance were associated with greater residual change in work-family conflict. To date, the wider division of labor literature has typically examined combinations of various demographic factors e.