Analyses indicated that adolescents in both family types had positive relationships with their parents, which were favorably associated with psychological well-being. This meta-analysis summa- rizes the available quantitative literature comparing the impact of heterosexual and homosexual parents, using a variety of measures, on the child ren. Normative analyses indicated that, on measures of psychosocial adjustment and school outcomes, adolescents were functioning well, and their adjustment was not generally associated with family type. Parenting and child development in adoptive families: Visit Source Website Bailey, J. In the research on lesbian families two phases were identified. Three samples of adoptive parents b.
Of those studies, 75 concluded that children of gay or lesbian parents fare no worse than other children.
What can we learn from studies of children raised by gay or lesbian parents?
Even though a handful of studies does indicate that children fare worse on a few measures of child well-being Allen et al. Answering critics of the new family structures study with additional analyses. Journal of Homosexuality, 18 In addition, none of the respondents in the NLLFS experienced physical or sexual abuse by a parent or caregiver Gartrell et al. The results show that children of same-sex couples are as likely to make normal progress through school as the children of most other family structures.
Observations confirmed this pattern—lesbian and gay parents participated more equally than heterosexual parents during family interaction. Longitudinal data collections permit temporal alignment of family experiences and child outcome indicators. Patterns of clustering within these citation networks reveal whether and when consensus arises within a scientific field. The national lesbian family study: Rosenfeld relies on Census data to focus on grade retention among children living in stable same-sex and different-sex families. Given some of the complexity of the family lives detailed above, a sample of young adults who report a lesbian mother and 73 who report a gay father are frustratingly inadequate for doing anything but broad comparisons across family characteristics.