Though moribund for decades, it was used to prevent same-sex couples who were residents of other states from marrying in Massachusetts. Armenia Estonia Israel Mexico 1 Netherlands 2. Retrieved 5 March Archived from the original on March 13, Archived from the original on September 6, Supreme Judicial Court ". Massachusetts has basically said discriminating against people of the same sex is unconstitutional.
The first three states to allow gay marriage did so because of court rulings permitting it, rather than through legislative action or putting the issue to voters to decide.
Factbox: List of states that legalized gay marriage
The New Zealand Herald. Archived from the original on August 31, Archived from the original on September 22, Art, Literature, and Film History. Retrieved 5 November Archived from the original on 7 September
Mexico 1 Netherlands 2. Retrieved July 28, Department of Public Healthon behalf of several out-of-state same-sex couples and several town clerks who objected to being forced to discriminate in denying licenses to such couples. He explained that the Court could take no action against the plaintiffs in the case: Various types of same-sex marriages have existed,  ranging from informal, unsanctioned relationships to highly ritualized unions. Consiglio Grande e Generale in Italian. April 29, January 7,