When such attitudes manifest as crimes they are often called hate crimes and gay bashing. While men who consistently occupied the passive role were recognized as a distinct group by locals, men who have sex with only women, and men who have sex with women and men, were not differentiated. Just being gay does not have any health risks. James; Williams, Mark L. University of Chicago Press. Sexual identity and sexual behavior are closely related to sexual orientation, but they are distinguished, with sexual identity referring to an individual's conception of themselves, behavior referring to actual sexual acts performed by the individual, and orientation referring to "fantasies, attachments and longings.
Perceived sexual orientation may affect how a person is treated.
Gay, Straight, and the reason why. For homosexuality in other animals, see Homosexual behavior in animals. Plato praised its benefits in his early writings  but in his late works proposed its prohibition. No one fully understands exactly what determines a person's sexual orientation, but it is likely explained by a variety of biological and genetic factors. Westernisation, Migration, and Samoan Fa'afafine, p. However, studies do find that aspects of sexuality expression have an experiential basis and that parental attitudes towards a particular sexual orientation may affect how children of the parents experiment with behaviors related to a certain sexual orientation.
American psychiatry and psychology portray homosexuality in the sJournal of Homosexuality13 11— Retrieved February 10, Retrieved 9 January They are used for identifying a subject's object of attraction without attributing a sex assignment or gender identity to the subject. The definitions of each category of Ulrichs' classification scheme are as follows:. For information specific to female homosexuality, see Lesbian. American psychiatry and psychology portray homosexuality in the s".